Monday, November 29, 2010

Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY)

Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY) is a provincial-level autonomous region, in Indonesia. DIY is the provincial capital of Yogyakarta, a city with many predicates, both of history and potentials, such as the city struggles, culture town, university town, and city tourism.

According to the Chronicle Gianti, Yogyakarta or Yogyakarta (Java language) is the name of the granting of Pakubowono II (king of Mataram in 1719 to 1727) as a replacement name pesanggrahan Gartitawati. Yogyakarta is derived from the Kerta Yogya, Yogya a prosperous, while the mean Yogya Ngayogyakarta the prosperous and the most important. Another source said the name derived from the name of Yogyakarta (capital) city of Ayodhya in the Sanskrit epic Ramayana. In everyday usage, commonly pronounced Jogja Yogyakarta (Djakarta) or Yogyakarta (Java language).

Jogja region was established on March 4, 1950 with the basic law of the Law No.3/1950 located on the island of Java in the position of 7 ° -8 ° latitude and 110 ° -111 ° BT.Luas jogja province 3142 km ² the population ± 2912611 (sensus1990 ) The Special Region of Yogyakarta's own history began in 1945. A few weeks after the Proclamation of Independence of the Republic of Indonesia 17 August 1945, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX issued a royal decree (better known as the Mandate 5 September 1945). The decree was issued because of the insistence of the people and see the conditions that exist in Yogyakarta at the time. A similar edict issued by Paku Alam VIII in the same day. The contents of the two decrees issued by Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX and Paku Alam VIII, the same which the monarchy Yogyakarta integration into the Republic of Indonesia. According to the history of the integration decree was also issued by the other kingdoms in the archipelago.

It was the Sultanate of Yogyakarta (Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX region) is, Regency Yogyakarta City (led by Regent KRT Hardjodiningrat, Sleman District (with Regent KRT Pringgodiningrat), Bantul (with Regent KRT Joyodiningrat), Gunungkidul district (with Regent KRT Suryodiningrat) , and Kulonprogo district (with Regent KRT Secodiningrat). Meanwhile, the Praja Paku Alaman region (region Paku Alam VIII) is, Paku Alaman City District (with Regent KRT Brotodiningrat), and District Adikarto (with Regent KRT Suryaningprang).

Some time later Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX and Paku Alam VIII issued a joint decree (better known as Agent 30 October 1945) that it gave legislative power to the Agency Workers Local KNI Yogyakarta. This is the day after the formation of the Working Committee of the National Committee of Indonesia Yogyakarta (October 29, 1945), chaired by Saleh and deputy chairman Moch S. Joyodiningrat and Ki Bagus Hadikusumo. Since then, every edict issued by the royal party was not only signed by the kingdom, but also signed by the Working KNI Yogyakarta which symbolizes people's approval of such decree.

The name of the Special Region of Yogyakarta itself started officially used since May 18, 1946. The name was based on the edict No. 18 on Board, House of Representatives in Yogyakarta Special Region. Monarchy government continue to run until issued Law no. 3 Year 1950 on the establishment and strengthening of the Special Region of Yogyakarta Sultanate of Yogyakarta and Paku Alaman region as an integral part of the Indonesian State.

The name of the struggle for this city related to the role of Yogyakarta in Indonesia constellation of national struggle in the Dutch colonial era, the Japanese colonial era, as well as in the days of struggle to defend freedom. Yogyakarta had become the center of the kingdom, both the Kingdom of Mataram (Islam), the Sultanate of Yogyakarta and the Duchy Pakualaman. The term city to city culture is closely related to cultural relics of high value during these kingdoms which still remain intact. This title is also associated with many centers of arts and culture. The name says Mataram which is widely used today, is nothing but a pride in the glory of the kingdom of Mataram.

The term of Yogyakarta as a tourism city shows its potential in the field of tourism. Yogyakarta is the second largest tourist destination after Bali. Various types of tourism developed in this region, such as nature tourism, historical tourism, cultural tourism, educational tourism, even, more recently, tourist nights. Predicate as a student city relating to the history and role of this city in the world of education in Indonesia. In addition to the availability of a variety of different levels of educational facilities in the province, in Yogyakarta there are many students from various regions in Indonesia.

Besides the above predicates, history and status of Yogyakarta is interesting to observe. The name of the region use the term DIY at once its status as a Special District. Status of Yogyakarta Special Region of Yogyakarta with respect to trace the history, both before and after the Proclamation of Independence of the Republic of Indonesia.

The constitution [udang-udang dasar] that had been drafted by the PPKI preparatory committee, and announced on the 18th, is adopted (UUD 45). Sukarno is declared President, Hatta is declared Vice-President. PPKI (originally BPUPKI, founded under the Japanese occupation the previous March) is remade into KNIP (Central Indonesian National Committee). KNIP [KNIP: Komite nasional indonesia pusat]. is the temporary governing body until elections can be held. The new government is installed on August 31.

The Patih (chief advisor) of Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya [Yogyakarta] dies, no successor chosen, Sultan takes charge of his own affairs, begins to institute reforms in Yogya
"Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya was an early supporter of the new Republic"

source:, book RUPL (Drs.Sucipto Suntoro)

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